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Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 2010 Oct;36(10):1225-34. doi: 10.3109/03639041003695139.

Preparation, characterization, pharmacokinetics, and tissue distribution of curcumin nanosuspension with TPGS as stabilizer.

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1
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

CUR is a promising drug candidate based on its good bioactivity, but use of CUR is potentially restricted because of its poor solubility and bioavailability.

AIM:

The aim of this study was to prepare an aqueous formulation of curcumin nanosuspension (CUR-NS) to improve its solubility and change its in vivo behavior.

METHODS:

CUR-NS was prepared by high-pressure homogenization method. Drug state in CUR-NS was evaluated by powder X-ray diffraction. Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of CUR-NS after intravenous administration in rabbits and mice were studied.

RESULTS:

The solubility and dissolution of CUR in the form of CUR-NS were significantly higher than those of crude CUR. X-ray crystallography diffraction indicated that the crystalline state of CUR in nanosuspension was preserved. Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution results of CUR-NS after intravenous administration in rabbits and mice showed that CUR-NS presented a markedly different pharmacokinetic property as compared to the CUR solution. AUC(0-infinity) of CUR-NS (700.43 +/- 281.53 microg/mL, min) in plasma was approximately 3.8-fold greater than CUR solution (145.42 +/- 9.29 microg/mL min), and the mean residence time (194.57 +/- 32.18 versus 15.88 +/- 3.56 minutes) was 11.2-fold longer.

CONCLUSION:

Nanosuspension could serve as a promising intravenous drug-delivery system for curcumin.

PMID:
20545506
DOI:
10.3109/03639041003695139
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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