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Vis Neurosci. 1991 Mar;6(3):283-9.

Complex transcallosal interactions in visual cortex.

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Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118.


Reversible inactivation by cooling of the transcallosal projecting neurons in areas 17 and 18 of one hemisphere bring about complex changes in the spontaneous and evoked activity of neurons in the callosal receiving zone of the opposite hemisphere. These changes include increases and decreases in evoked and spontaneous activities. Overall, 90% of neurons in layers II and III, 50% in layer IV, and 100% in layers V and VI were affected by the block of transcallosal input. The complexity of the changes was greatest in layers II and III, which are the major callosal recipient layers. The results indicate that many excitatory and inhibitory circuits are under the direct control of transcallosal fibers in the normally functioning brain.

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