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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010 Aug;299(2):H529-40. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00267.2010. Epub 2010 Jun 11.

Mitochondrial dysfunction in the type 2 diabetic heart is associated with alterations in spatially distinct mitochondrial proteomes.

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West Virginia Univ. School of Medicine, Div. of Exercise Physiology, Center for Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, 1 Medical Center Dr., Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.


Cardiac complications and heart failure are the leading cause of death in type 2 diabetic patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction is central in the pathogenesis of the type 2 diabetic heart. However, it is unclear whether this dysfunction is specific for a particular subcellular region. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mitochondrial dysfunction in the type 2 diabetic heart is specific to a spatially distinct subset of mitochondria. We investigated mitochondrial morphology, function, and proteomic composition of subsarcolemmal mitochondria (SSM) and interfibrillar mitochondria (IFM) in 18-wk-old db/db mice. Oxidative damage was assessed in subpopulations through the measurement of lipid peroxidation byproducts and nitrotyrosine residues. Proteomic profiles and posttranslational modifications were assessed in mitochondrial subpopulations using iTRAQ and multi-dimensional protein identification technologies, respectively. SSM from db/db hearts had altered morphology, including a decrease in size and internal complexity, whereas db/db IFM were increased in internal complexity. Db/db SSM displayed decreased state 3 respiration rates, electron transport chain activities, ATP synthase activities, and mitochondrial membrane potential and increased oxidative damage, with no change in IFM. Proteomic assessment revealed a greater impact on db/db SSM compared with db/db IFM. Inner mitochondrial membrane proteins, including electron transport chain, ATP synthesis, and mitochondrial protein import machinery, were predominantly decreased. We provide evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction in the type 2 diabetic heart is associated with a specific subcellular locale. Furthermore, mitochondrial morphological and functional indexes are impacted differently during type 2 diabetic insult and may result from the modulation of spatially distinct mitochondrial proteomes.

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