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Mol Pharm. 2010 Aug 2;7(4):1283-90. doi: 10.1021/mp100073s.

Silencing heat shock protein 27 decreases metastatic behavior of human head and neck squamous cell cancer cells in vitro.

Author information

1
College of Stomatology, Key Lab of Oral Biomedicine of Shandong Province, Shandong University, Jinan, P. R. China.

Abstract

The small heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a molecular chaperone that is involved in a variety of cellular functions in cancer cells. The purpose of this research is to study Hsp27 in vitro metastatic behaviors of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells (HNSCC). The expression of Hsp27 in primary and metastatic cell lines derived from the primary HNSCC and a synchronous lymph node metastasis in the same patient was determined using real-time PCR and Western blotting. Proliferation of the primary and metastatic HNSCC cell lines was evaluated using the MTS proliferation assay. Metastatic behavior was assessed using migration and invasion assays. SiRNA knockdown of Hsp27 was performed in the highly migratory metastatic HNSCC cell line. MTS assays showed that the primary (UM-SCC-22A) and metastatic (UM-SCC-22B) HNSCC have similar proliferation rates. However, UM-SCC-22B derived from the metastasis showed 2.3- to 3.6-fold higher migration ability and 2-fold higher invasion ability than UM-SCC-22A. Real-time PCR demonstrated that Hsp27 mRNA is 22.4-fold higher in metastatic UM-SCC-22B than primary UM-SCC-22A. Similarly, Western blotting showed that Hsp27 is rarely detectable in UM-SCC-22A whereas UM-SCC-22B expresses a 25-fold higher level of Hsp27 protein. SiRNA-mediated knockdown of Hsp27 in UM-SCC-22B reduced Hsp27 mRNA expression by nearly 6-fold and protein expression by 23-fold. Furthermore, siRNA knockdown of Hsp27 decreased metastatic behaviors of UM-SCC-22B by 3- to 4-fold in migration and 2-fold in cell invasion reducing cell invasion and migration to levels similar to the primary HNSCC UM-SCC-22A. These data indicate that Hsp27 may regulate metastatic potential of HNSCC cancer cells. Targeting Hsp27 may decrease metastasis in head and neck squamous cell cancer cells.

PMID:
20540527
PMCID:
PMC2914182
DOI:
10.1021/mp100073s
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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