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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2010 Sep;49(9):844-50. doi: 10.1002/gcc.20793.

The characteristics and clinical outcome of adult patients with aplastic anemia and abnormal cytogenetics at diagnosis.

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Department of Hematology/Oncology, KonKuk University Hospital, KonKuk University, Seoul, Korea.


The characteristics and clinical outcome of 600 adult patients with aplastic anemia (AA) that had successful cytogenetic studies at the time of diagnosis were retrospectively evaluated. Among these, 572 (95.3%) had normal cytogenetics and 28 (4.7%) had abnormal cytogenetics. The most frequent abnormality was trisomy 8 (n = 15), followed by monosomy 7/deletion of 7q (n = 5), and deletion of 1q (n = 5). There were no statistically significant differences with respect to gender, hepatitis viral infection, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, or severity of disease between the patients in the normal and abnormal cytogenetics groups; however, the patients with abnormal cytogenetics were generally younger than those with normal cytogenetics (P < 0.001). Abnormal cytogenetics was associated with a higher cumulative leukemic transformation rate (P < 0.001) and lower leukemic transformation-free survival (P = 0.021). Furthermore, abnormal cytogenetics was an independent predictor of a poor response to immunosuppressive therapy (HR = 0.255; 95% CI = 0.077-0.839; P = 0.024). These analyses suggest that patients with AA and abnormal cytogenetics have different clinical characteristics compared to patients with AA and normal cytogenetics.

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