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Nat Protoc. 2010 Jun;5(6):1042-50. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2010.70. Epub 2010 May 13.

Immobilization of growth factors on solid supports for the modulation of stem cell fate.

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Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden, Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, Dresden, Germany.


Surface- and matrix-bound signals modulate stem cell fate in vivo and in vitro. This protocol enables the immobilization of a wide range of biomolecules that contain primary amino groups to different types of solid carriers, including glass substrates and standard polystyrene well plates. We describe how thin polymer coatings of poly(octadecene-alt-maleic anhydride) can be used to covalently attach growth factors directly, or through poly(ethylene glycol) spacers, to solid supports at defined concentrations. Surface-immobilized growth factors can be presented over a wide range of concentrations (5-150 ng cm(-2)), as we have previously shown for leukemia inhibitory factor and stem cell factor. Cell activation can be achieved in the presence of adhesion-promoting extracellular matrix proteins. Depending on the methods used, the overall procedure takes 1.5-3 d. In general, the approach can be used to investigate the effect of defined amounts of immobilized growth factors on stem cells and on the maintenance, growth and differentiation of other cell types.

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