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Cancer Lett. 2010 Nov 1;297(1):75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2010.04.027. Epub 2010 May 26.

Sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) reduces apoptosis in colorectal tumor hypoxia.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, ON, Canada.


We examined the effect of hypoxia on apoptosis of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells in vitro and in vivo. All cell lines tested were susceptible to hypoxia-induced apoptosis. DCA treatment caused significant apoptosis under normoxia in SW480 and Caco-2 cells, but these cells displayed decreased apoptosis when treated with DCA combined with hypoxia, possibly through HIF-1alpha dependent pathways. DCA treatment also induced significantly increased growth of SW480 tumor xenografts, and a decrease in TUNEL positive nuclei in hypoxic but not normoxic regions of treated tumors. Thus DCA is cytoprotective to some CRC cells under hypoxic conditions, highlighting the need for further investigation before DCA can be used as a reliable apoptosis-inducing agent in cancer therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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