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Intensive Care Med. 2010 Oct;36(10):1681-7. doi: 10.1007/s00134-010-1935-0. Epub 2010 Jun 10.

Speech effects of a speaking valve versus external PEEP in tracheostomized ventilator-dependent neuromuscular patients.

Author information

1
Services de Physiologie, Explorations Fonctionnelles, Réanimation Médicale, Rééducation Fonctionnelle, et Centre d'Investigation Clinique et d'Innovation Technologique (Inserm Unit 805), Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, 92380 Garches, France. helene.prigent@rpc.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Many patients with respiratory failure related to neuromuscular disease receive chronic invasive ventilation through a tracheostomy. Improving quality of life, of which speech is an important component, is a major goal in these patients. We compared the effects on breathing and speech of low-level positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP, 5 cmH(2)O) and of a Passy-Muir speaking valve (PMV) during assist-control ventilation.

METHODS:

We studied ten patients with neuromuscular disorders, between December 2008 and April 2009. Flow was measured using a pneumotachograph. Microphone speech recordings were subjected to both quantitative measurements and qualitative assessments; the latter consisted of both an intelligibility score (using a French adaptation of the Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment) and a perceptual score determined by two speech therapists.

RESULTS:

Text reading time, perceptive score, intelligibility score, speech comfort, and respiratory comfort were similar with PEEP and PMV. During speech with 5 cmH(2)O PEEP, six of the ten patients had no return of expiratory gas to the expiratory line and, therefore, had the entire insufflated volume available for speech, a condition met during PMV use in all patients. During speech, the respiratory rate increased by at least 3 cycles/min above the backup rate in seven patients with PEEP and in none of the patients with PMV.

CONCLUSIONS:

Low-level PEEP is as effective as PMV in ensuring good speech quality, which might be explained by sealed expiratory line with low-level PEEP and/or respiratory rate increase during speech with PEEP observed in most of the patients.

PMID:
20535605
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-010-1935-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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