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Indian J Urol. 2010 Jan-Mar;26(1):12-5. doi: 10.4103/0970-1591.60437.

Circumcision: pros and cons.

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Department of Pediatric Urology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.


Circumcision is possibly the most frequently performed elective surgical procedure in men. It can simply be described as the excision of the preputium. There have been several studies about the association between circumcision and urinary tract infections (UTI). Many studies have demonstrated that the frequency of UTI increase in uncircumcised males, especially in the first year of life. This review discusses the embryology of the preputium, epidemiology, indications, complications and benefits of circumcision, as well as operation and anesthesiology techniques. It especially examines the association between UTI and circumcision and the importance of circumcision in congenital urinary system anomalies. In addition, this review examines the associations between circumcision and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, and the protective role of circumcision on penile cancer.


Circumcision; penile cancer; sexually transmitted diseases; urinary tract infections

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