Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Rev Cancer. 2010 Jul;10(7):481-8. doi: 10.1038/nrc2869. Epub 2010 Jun 10.

Cartilage tumours and bone development: molecular pathology and possible therapeutic targets.

Author information

Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO BOX 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands.


As a group, cartilage tumours are the most common primary bone lesions. They range from benign lesions, such as enchondromas and osteochondromas, to malignant chondrosarcoma. The benign lesions result from the deregulation of the hedgehog signalling pathway, which is involved in normal bone development. These lesions can be the precursors of malignant chondrosarcomas, which are notoriously resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Cytogenetic studies and mouse models are beginning to identify genes and signalling pathways that have roles in tumour progression, such as hedgehog, p53, insulin-like growth factor, cyclin-dependent kinase 4, hypoxia-inducible factor, matrix metalloproteinases, SRC and AKT, suggesting potential new therapeutic approaches.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center