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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010 Aug;87(6):2097-105. doi: 10.1007/s00253-010-2694-0. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Characterization of Xyn10A, a highly active xylanase from the human gut bacterium Bacteroides xylanisolvens XB1A.

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INRA, UR Unité de Microbiologie, Centre de Recherches de Clermont-Ferrand/Theix, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France.


A xylanase gene xyn10A was isolated from the human gut bacterium Bacteroides xylanisolvens XB1A and the gene product was characterized. Xyn10A is a 40-kDa xylanase composed of a glycoside hydrolase family 10 catalytic domain with a signal peptide. A recombinant His-tagged Xyn10A was produced in Escherichia coli and purified. It was active on oat spelt and birchwood xylans and on wheat arabinoxylans. It cleaved xylotetraose, xylopentaose, and xylohexaose but not xylobiose, clearly indicating that Xyn10A is a xylanase. Surprisingly, it showed a low activity against carboxymethylcellulose but no activity at all against aryl-cellobioside and cellooligosaccharides. The enzyme exhibited K (m) and V (max) of 1.6 mg ml(-1) and 118 micromol min(-1) mg(-1) on oat spelt xylan, and its optimal temperature and pH for activity were 37 degrees C and pH 6.0, respectively. Its catalytic properties (k (cat)/K (m) = 3,300 ml mg(-1) min(-1)) suggested that Xyn10A is one of the most active GH10 xylanase described to date. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Xyn10A was closely related to other GH10 xylanases from human Bacteroides. The xyn10A gene was expressed in B. xylanisolvens XB1A cultured with glucose, xylose or xylans, and the protein was associated with the cells. Xyn10A is the first family 10 xylanase characterized from B. xylanisolvens XB1A.

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