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Public Health Nutr. 2010 Nov;13(11):1923-30. doi: 10.1017/S1368980010000911. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Effect of an improved local ingredient-based complementary food fortified or not with iron and selected multiple micronutrients on Hb concentration.

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1
Biomedical and Public Health Department, Institute of Research in Health Sciences, 03 BP 5608, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Phil.Mohr@csiro.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of an improved local ingredient-based gruel fortified or not with selected multiple micronutrients (MM) on Hb concentration of young children.

DESIGN:

In a nutrition centre that we opened in their villages, children received either MM supplement (containing iron, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin C and iodine) with the improved gruel (MMGG) or the improved gruel only (GG), twice daily, 6 d/week, for 6 months. We assessed baseline and endpoint Hb concentration and anthropometric indices.

SETTING:

Kongoussi, a rural and poor district of Burkina Faso.

SUBJECTS:

In a community-based trial, we randomly assigned 131 children aged 6-23 months with Hb concentrations in the range of 80-109 g/l into two groups.

RESULTS:

The groups did not differ significantly at baseline. Mean baseline Hb concentration was 89·2 (sd 6·5) g/l and 90·3 (sd 8·4) g/l in the GG and the MMGG, respectively (P = 0·42). It increased to 104·1 (sd 11·4) g/l in the GG (P < 0·001) and 107·6 (sd 14·7) g/l in the MMGG (P < 0·001). The between-group difference of 3·5 (95 % CI -1·0, 8·1) g/l in mean (sd) endpoint Hb concentration was not significant (P = 0·13). The endpoint anthropometric indices were not different between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

This MM supplement had no additional effect on Hb concentration. Thorough studies are needed to evaluate the actual efficacy of the gruel before its introduction into household routine.

PMID:
20529401
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980010000911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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