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Free Radic Res. 2010 Aug;44(8):891-906. doi: 10.3109/10715762.2010.489111.

Oxidative damage induced by herbicides is mediated by thiol oxidation and hydroperoxides production.

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Dipartimento di Biologia Molecolare, Università degli Studi di Siena, via Fiorentina 1, 53100 Siena (SI), Italy.


Toxicological and environmental issues are associated with the extensive use of agricultural pesticides, although the knowledge of their toxic effects as commercial formulations is still far from being complete. This work investigated the impact of three herbicides as commercial formulations on the oxidative status of a wild type Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. With yeast being a well-established model of eukaryotic cells, especially as far as regards the stress response, these results may be indicative of potential damages on higher eukaryotes. It was found that herbicide-mediated toxicity towards yeast cells could be the result of an increased production of hydroperoxides (like in the case of the herbicides Pointer and Silglif) or advanced oxidation protein products and lipid peroxidation (especially in the case of the herbicide Proper Energy). Through a redox-proteomic approach it was found also that, besides a common signature, each herbicide showed a specific pattern for protein thiols oxidation.

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