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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Sep;7(9):1005-12. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2009.0450.

Semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based polymerase chain reaction compared to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for Listeria monocytogenes subtyping.

Author information

1
Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (AFSSA), Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches sur la Qualité des Aliments et sur les Procédés Agro-alimentaires (LERQAP), Maisons-Alfort, France. s.roussel@afssa.fr

Abstract

Listeriosis is a severe infection that mainly affects pregnant women, neonates, and immuno-compromised adults. The commercially available semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based polymerase chain reaction assay system, DiversiLab, has been successfully used for subtyping several species of bacteria. In this article we compare the DiversiLab System with macrorestriction analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), which is currently the gold standard for molecular subtyping of Listeria monocytogenes. We used a panel of 116 human and food L. monocytogenes isolates for the comparative evaluation. Among these isolates, there were 4 pairs of duplicates, 13 strains were epidemiologically related, and the remaining food isolates were epidemiologically unrelated. The isolates of different serotypes represented distinct DiversiLab types (DTs) and ApaI/AscI-PFGE types except for one DT-containing isolates of two serotypes, 4b and 1/2b. The four duplicates displayed the same DT and ApaI/AscI PFGE type demonstrating the good reproducibility of the two methods. The epidemiologically related strains were clustered in the same DT and PFGE type. The Simpson's index of diversity was 0.954; 0.988; 0.994; and 0.998 for DiversiLab, AscI-PFGE, ApaI-PFGE, and AscI/ApaI-PFGE, respectively. Thus, PFGE was more discriminating than DiversiLab. However, for 1/2a serotype strains, six AscI-PFGE, three ApaI-PFGE, and one ApaI/AscI PFGE type were divided into different DTs. DiversiLab enabled a good discrimination between serotype 1/2a strains. DiversiLab is less labor intensive than PFGE and provides results in <24 hours compared with 30 hours to 3 days for PFGE from the time a pure culture of the bacteria has been obtained. On the basis of these results, DiversiLab may be useful for tracking the source of contamination in food-processing facilities and their environments. Also, DiversiLab may be more appropriate for long-term epidemiological studies where less discrimination is needed.

PMID:
20528463
DOI:
10.1089/fpd.2009.0450
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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