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BMC Fam Pract. 2010 Jun 2;11:44. doi: 10.1186/1471-2296-11-44.

Views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease--an interview study with Swedish GPs.

Author information

1
Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden. Louise.Silwer@hh.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

General practitioners (GPs) have gradually become more involved in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), both through more frequent prescribing of pharmaceuticals and by giving advice regarding lifestyle factors. Most general practitioners are now faced with decisions about pharmaceutical or non-pharmaceutical treatment for primary prevention every day. The aim of this study was to explore, structure and describe the views on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice among Swedish GPs.

METHODS:

Individual interviews were conducted with 21 GPs in southern Sweden. The interview transcripts were analysed using a qualitative approach, inspired by phenomenography.

RESULTS:

Two main categories of description emerged during the analysis. One was the degree of reliance on research data regarding the predictability of real risk and the opportunities for primary prevention of CVD. The other was the allocation of responsibility between the patient and the doctor. The GPs showed different views, from being convinced of an actual and predictable risk for the individual to strongly doubting it; from relying firmly on protection from disease by pharmaceutical treatment to strongly questioning its effectiveness in individual cases; and from reliance on prevention of disease by non-pharmaceutical interventions to a total lack of reliance on such measures.

CONCLUSIONS:

The GPs' different views, regarding the rationale for and practical management of primary prevention of CVD, can be interpreted as a reflection of the complexity of patient counselling in primary prevention in clinical practice. The findings have implications for development and implementation of standard treatment guidelines, regarding long-time primary preventive treatment.

PMID:
20525174
PMCID:
PMC2894010
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2296-11-44
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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