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Traffic. 2010 Aug;11(8):1067-78. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2010.01082.x. Epub 2010 May 26.

Cdc42 regulates microtubule-dependent Golgi positioning.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Physiology & Biophysics, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


The molecular mechanisms underlying cytoskeleton-dependent Golgi positioning are poorly understood. In mammalian cells, the Golgi apparatus is localized near the juxtanuclear centrosome via dynein-mediated motility along microtubules. Previous studies implicate Cdc42 in regulating dynein-dependent motility. Here we show that reduced expression of the Cdc42-specific GTPase-activating protein, ARHGAP21, inhibits the ability of dispersed Golgi membranes to reposition at the centrosome following nocodazole treatment and washout. Cdc42 regulation of Golgi positioning appears to involve ARF1 and a binding interaction with the vesicle-coat protein coatomer. We tested whether Cdc42 directly affects motility, as opposed to the formation of a trafficking intermediate, using a Golgi capture and motility assay in permeabilized cells. Disrupting Cdc42 activation or the coatomer/Cdc42 binding interaction stimulated Golgi motility. The coatomer/Cdc42-sensitive motility was blocked by the addition of an inhibitory dynein antibody. Together, our results reveal that dynein and microtubule-dependent Golgi positioning is regulated by ARF1-, coatomer-, and ARHGAP21-dependent Cdc42 signaling.

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