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Horm Res Paediatr. 2010;74(3):182-9. doi: 10.1159/000281417. Epub 2010 Jun 3.

Three novel CYP11B1 mutations in congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to steroid 11Beta-hydroxylase deficiency in a moroccan population.

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Centre d'étude des maladies héréditaires du métabolisme, CHU Ibn-Sina, Université Mohammed-V-Souissi, Rabat, Maroc.



Steroid 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency (11OHD), the second cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), accounts only for 5% of all CAH. To date, only 51 different mutations have been reported with poor clinical and biological data. Most of them could be considered as private mutations except one, p.R448H, identified especially in Moroccan Jews but also in Caucasian patients. As two other CYP11B1 mutations have a high incidence in Tunisian patients, we report from another Maghreb population the clinical, follow-up and molecular genetics of 5 Moroccan patients with classical 11OHD.


Patients belonging to 3 families were recruited on clinical data. The diagnosis was confirmed by 11-deoxycortisol determination. Sequencing of the CYP11B1 gene and molecular modeling were performed.


Clinical, hormonal and follow-up data were consistent with a severe form of 11OHD. Gender reassignment and evolution of hypertension were discussed. Three novel mutations, p.Ala259Asp, p.Gly446Val and IVS5+2T>G were identified. As each patient was homozygous for one mutation, we could deduce from their phenotype and our modeling studies that the p.Gly446Val mutation was more severe than p.Ala259Asp.


This study shows a good correlation between phenotype and genotype. Each CYP11B1 mutation is new and private, contrasting with the high incidence of two Tunisian mutations.

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