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Vet Surg. 2010 Apr;39(3):284-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2010.00678.x.

Diagnostic imaging of the canine stifle: a review.

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Department of Surgery, Long Island Veterinary Specialists, Plainview, NY 11803, USA.


The stifle joint, a common location for lameness in dogs, is a complex arrangement of osseous, articular, fibrocartilaginous, and ligamentous structures. The small size of its component structures, restricted joint space, and its intricate composition make successful diagnostic imaging a challenge. Different tissue types and their superimposition limit successful diagnostic imaging with a single modality. Most modalities exploit the complexity of tissue types found in the canine stifle joint. Improved understanding of the principles of each imaging modality and the properties of the tissues being examined will enhance successful diagnostic imaging.

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