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EMBO J. 2010 Jul 7;29(13):2147-60. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2010.106. Epub 2010 Jun 1.

Genome-wide analysis of ETS-family DNA-binding in vitro and in vivo.

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1
Public Health Genomics Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) and Genome-Scale Biology Program, Institute of Biomedicine and High Throughput Center, University of Helsinki, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Members of the large ETS family of transcription factors (TFs) have highly similar DNA-binding domains (DBDs)-yet they have diverse functions and activities in physiology and oncogenesis. Some differences in DNA-binding preferences within this family have been described, but they have not been analysed systematically, and their contributions to targeting remain largely uncharacterized. We report here the DNA-binding profiles for all human and mouse ETS factors, which we generated using two different methods: a high-throughput microwell-based TF DNA-binding specificity assay, and protein-binding microarrays (PBMs). Both approaches reveal that the ETS-binding profiles cluster into four distinct classes, and that all ETS factors linked to cancer, ERG, ETV1, ETV4 and FLI1, fall into just one of these classes. We identify amino-acid residues that are critical for the differences in specificity between all the classes, and confirm the specificities in vivo using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) for a member of each class. The results indicate that even relatively small differences in in vitro binding specificity of a TF contribute to site selectivity in vivo.

PMID:
20517297
PMCID:
PMC2905244
DOI:
10.1038/emboj.2010.106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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