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J Biol Chem. 2010 Jul 30;285(31):24248-59. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.094581. Epub 2010 Jun 1.

Differential roles of Epac in regulating cell death in neuronal and myocardial cells.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.

Abstract

Cell survival and death play critical roles in tissues composed of post-mitotic cells. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) has been known to exert a distinct effect on cell susceptibility to apoptosis, protecting neuronal cells and deteriorating myocardial cells. These effects are primarily studied using protein kinase A activation. In this study we show the differential roles of Epac, an exchange protein activated by cAMP and a new effector molecule of cAMP signaling, in regulating apoptosis in these cell types. Both stimulation of Epac by 8-p-methoxyphenylthon-2'-O-methyl-cAMP and overexpression of Epac significantly increased DNA fragmentation and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated biotin nick end-labeling)-positive cell counts in mouse cortical neurons but not in cardiac myocytes. In contrast, stimulation of protein kinase A increased apoptosis in cardiac myocytes but not in neuronal cells. In cortical neurons the expression of the Bcl-2 interacting member protein (Bim) was increased by stimulation of Epac at the transcriptional level and was decreased in mice with genetic disruption of Epac1. Epac-induced neuronal apoptosis was attenuated by the silencing of Bim. Furthermore, Epac1 disruption in vivo abolished the 3-nitropropionic acid-induced neuronal apoptosis that occurs in wild-type mice. These results suggest that Epac induces neuron-specific apoptosis through increasing Bim expression. Because the disruption of Epac exerted a protective effect on neuronal apoptosis in vivo, the inhibition of Epac may be a consideration in designing a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

PMID:
20516079
PMCID:
PMC2911347
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M109.094581
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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