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J Int Med Res. 2010 Mar-Apr;38(2):625-32.

A pilot study of the clinical relevance of the relationship between the serum level of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A and the degree of acute coronary syndrome.

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Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Affiliated Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.


Serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured in 70 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), comprising 18 with unstable angina (UA), 37 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 15 with stable angina (SA); 15 healthy controls were also included. Levels of PAPP-A were significantly higher in the UA and AMI groups than in the SA and control groups. Levels of PAPP-A were similar in the SA and control groups, and higher in the ACS patients who were cardiac troponin T-negative (comprising UA and AMI patients) than in the control and SA groups. Levels of hs-CRP and TNF-alpha were significantly higher in the SA group than in the control group, significantly higher in the UA group than in the SA and control groups, and significantly higher in the AMI group than in all other groups. Levels of PAPP-A in ACS patients were positively correlated with levels of hs-CRP and TNF-alpha. It would seem, therefore, that PAPP-A is associated with inflammation and might be used to detect plaque instability and rupture before an increase in cardiac troponin T is detectable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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