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J Prosthet Dent. 1991 May;65(5):704-12.

Pulpal response to chemically cured and experimental light-cured glass ionomer cavity liners.

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Department of Prosthodontics, University of North Carolina, School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill.


This investigation evaluated the effects of an experimental light-cured glass ionomer (LCGI) cavity liner and chemically cured Ketac-Bond glass ionomer restorative material on the pulpal tissues of monkeys. Class V cavities were prepared in 71 teeth of three adult Macaca mulatta monkeys at 7- and 35-day intervals. Ketac-Bond or LCGI cavity liners were placed in cavities with the smear layer intact (groups I and II) or with the smear layer removed (groups III and IV) and were restored with composite resin. Tissues were acquired, sectioned at 7 microns, stained for microscopic evaluation, or prepared for SEM evaluation. No statistically significant differences between materials existed at either time interval, regardless of smear layer presence. Histopathologic results demonstrated minimal pulpal reactions for groups I through IV. SEM analysis showed tenacious bonding of the LCGI material to prepared cavity walls, with absence of contraction gap formation. The results indicated excellent pulpal responses to both materials.

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