Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Jun;91(6):868-73. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2010.03.009.

Patient factors associated with return to driving poststroke: findings from a multicenter cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 8mp38@queensu.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the extent to which body structure, function, activity, and context explain driving resumption at 1 year.

DESIGN:

Cohort study with relationships modeled in a path analysis.

SETTING:

Three urban Canadian communities.

PARTICIPANTS:

Patients admitted to hospital with acute stroke who had driven before their stroke (n=290) who participated in a longitudinal study of stroke outcomes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Driving resumption 1 year after the initial stroke diagnosis.

RESULTS:

One hundred seventy-seven patients (61%) returned to driving after 1 year. Direct relationships were found between measures of strength and motor activity (Stroke Impact Scale), cognition (Mini-Mental State Examination), type of stroke (hemorrhagic vs ischemic), and driving resumption at 1 year. The effects of stroke severity, fatigue, and sex on driving resumption were mediated through strength and motor activity shown by a model that had excellent fit (comparative fit index=.985, Tucker-Lewis Index=.952, root mean square error of approximation=.046).

CONCLUSIONS:

There are multiple direct and indirect influences on driving resumption at 1 year, from the type of stroke, physical strength and motor activity, cognition, sex, and fatigue measured at 3 months. The paths outlined by this model highlight how stroke sequelae influence community mobility, as well as factors related to driving resumption that are amenable to intervention.

PMID:
20510976
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2010.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center