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J Hepatol. 1991 Mar;12(2):181-9.

Short-term prednisolone followed by recombinant human alpha-interferon alone or combined with adenine-arabinoside in chronic hepatitis B. A prospective and randomized trial.

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1
Liver Disease Unit, University Hospital Pontchaillou, Rennes, France.

Abstract

Twenty-nine patients with chronic hepatitis B, presenting both hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid in serum, were studied in a randomized trial treatment consisting of oral prednisolone for 28 days followed 14 days after steroid withdrawal, by either a 55 s.c. injection course of 5 M unit recombinant human alpha-interferon (group 1, 14 patients) or by adenine-arabinoside (for 21 days) combined from the fourteenth day on with the same 55 s.c. injection schedule of interferon (IFN) (group 2, 15 cases). The two groups were well matched with respect to demographic, biochemical, virological and histologic features. Significant side-effects leading to premature discontinuation of interferon were observed in only four cases in group 2 and were always reversible. Efficacy was judged on a mean follow-up period of 17 months. For the whole population, 17 patients (59%) exhibited a sustained serum hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid disappearance which corresponded to a marked improvement in liver function as demonstrated by a quasi-normalization of their serum transaminase values (ALT with n less than 22 UI/l: 23 +/- 24 vs. 139 +/- 115 before treatment; P less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
2050997
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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