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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2010 Sep;70(5):358-63. doi: 10.3109/00365513.2010.492872.

Amniotic lamellar body counts determined with the Sysmex XE-2100 analyzer to predict fetal lung maturity during diabetic and other complicated pregnancies.

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1
HUSLAB Laboratory Services, Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The detection of amniotic lamellar bodies (LB) has been shown to be a rapid and simple way to assess fetal lung maturity (FLM). The maturity thresholds for LB vary due to different factors, one being the type of particle-count analyser used.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The Sysmex XE-2100 hematological analyser was evaluated in determination of amniotic LB counts and compared with lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) determination. We analysed 132 amniotic samples from a total of 109 mothers (71 diabetic) with 112 infants. Results. The correlation between the LB counts obtained with the Sysmex XE-2100 and our reference thin layer chromatography (TLC) phospholipid method was good. Samples with low L/S ratio (< or = 2.0) and no PG (i.e. premature fetal lung status), had low LB counts (n = 18, mean 8500/L, range 1000-26000), whereas 51 samples with mature fetal lung status had high LB counts (mean 63600/uL, range 20,000-139,000). In all our four cases of respiratory distress syndrome the LB counts were low (range 1000-28000/uL). The reference values for FLM determination were established: < or = 6000/microL for immature, values between 7000 and 35,000/uL for borderline results and >35,000/uL for mature. CONCLUSIONS. The amniotic LB count analysis with Sysmex XE-2100 has many advantages being a repeatable, inexpensive and quantitative method with a very short turn-around time. Consequently, our routine is to perform LB counts initially from all amniotic samples and only borderline LB results are analysed with TLC.

PMID:
20509824
DOI:
10.3109/00365513.2010.492872
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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