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Public Health Nutr. 2010 Dec;13(12):1982-9. doi: 10.1017/S1368980010001254. Epub 2010 May 27.

Effects of migration on food consumption patterns in a sample of Indian factory workers and their families.

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1
The Public Health Foundation of India, Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, 4-Institutional Area, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the impact of migration on food consumption among Indian factory workers and their siblings and spouses.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess diet using an interviewer-administered semi-quantitative FFQ from which intake of 184 commonly consumed food items was obtained.

SETTINGS:

Participants recruited from factory sites in Bangalore, Lucknow, Nagpur and Hyderabad.

SUBJECTS:

The sample comprised 7049 participants (41·6 % female), and included urban, migrant and rural groups.

RESULTS:

Thirteen food items were eaten by the greatest proportion of individuals on a daily basis. These were all indigenous foods. The proportion of people consuming tandoori roti, dal with vegetables, potato and ghee on a daily basis was highest in the urban sample, intermediate in the migrant group and lowest in the rural group (P ≤ 0·01). The proportion of individuals consuming Western food on a weekly basis followed a similar trend.

CONCLUSIONS:

The diet of this sample is predominantly indigenous in nature, irrespective of migration status, with the prevalence of daily Western food consumption being minimal.

PMID:
20507672
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980010001254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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