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J Dermatol. 2010 Apr;37(4):330-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.2010.00827.x.

Collagen-derived dipeptide, proline-hydroxyproline, stimulates cell proliferation and hyaluronic acid synthesis in cultured human dermal fibroblasts.

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Food and Health R&D Laboratories, Meiji Seika Kaisha, Saitama, Japan.


Orally ingested collagen undergoes degradation to small di- or tripeptides, which are detected in circulating blood 2 h after ingestion. The influence of collagen-derived peptides on dermal extracellular matrix components and cell proliferation was studied using cultured human dermal fibroblasts. Of the various collagenous peptides tested here, the dipeptide proline-hydroxyproline (Pro-Hyp) enhanced cell proliferation (1.5-fold) and hyaluronic acid synthesis (3.8-fold) at a dose of 200 nmol/mL. This was concomitant with a 2.3-fold elevation of hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) mRNA levels. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of the HAS2 gene in human dermal fibroblasts inhibited Pro-Hyp-induced HAS2 mRNA transcription and cell mitotic activity. Addition of genistein or H7, a protein kinase inhibitor, abolished the Pro-Hyp-induced HAS2 mRNA stimulation. Pro-Hyp elevated phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) within a short time period (60 min). These results suggest that Pro-Hyp stimulates both cell mitotic activity and hyaluronic acid synthesis, which is mediated by activation of HAS2 transcription.

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