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Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 May;48(4):390-2. doi: 10.3109/15563651003662675.

Intracerebral hemorrhage and death after envenoming by the jellyfish Carukia barnesi.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Cairns Base Hospital, Australia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Irukandji syndrome is because of envenoming by a number of small jellyfish. It results in a delayed onset of generalized pain, sweating hypertension, and tachycardia. There is no antivenom.

CASE REPORT:

A 44-year-old healthy male was stung while swimming in NE Australia. He rapidly developed Irukandji syndrome. He had a rapid deterioration in conscious level because of an intracerebral hemorrhage. He developed left ventricular failure with an elevated troponin (34 mcg/L, N < 0.4) requiring inotropic support. He progressed to brain death and died on day 13 poststing. Nematocysts recovered from the patient skin were consistent with a large Carukia barnesi.

DISCUSSION:

This is the first case of a death because of Irukandji syndrome where the jellyfish Carukia barnesi has been demonstrated to the causative creature.

PMID:
20507250
DOI:
10.3109/15563651003662675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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