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Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Jul;62(7):1933-43. doi: 10.1002/art.27477.

Therapeutic control of B cell activation via recruitment of Fcgamma receptor IIb (CD32B) inhibitory function with a novel bispecific antibody scaffold.

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MacroGenics, Inc., Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.



To exploit the physiologic Fcgamma receptor IIb (CD32B) inhibitory coupling mechanism to control B cell activation by constructing a novel bispecific diabody scaffold, termed a dual-affinity retargeting (DART) molecule, for therapeutic applications.


DART molecules were constructed by pairing an Fv region from a monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against CD32B with an Fv region from a mAb directed against CD79B, the beta-chain of the invariant signal-transducing dimer of the B cell receptor complex. DART molecules were characterized physicochemically and for their ability to simultaneously bind the target receptors in vitro and in intact cells. The ability of the DART molecules to negatively control B cell activation was determined by calcium mobilization, by tyrosine phosphorylation of signaling molecules, and by proliferation and Ig secretion assays. A DART molecule specific for the mouse ortholog of CD32B and CD79B was also constructed and tested for its ability to inhibit B cell proliferation in vitro and to control disease severity in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model.


DART molecules were able to specifically bind and coligate their target molecules on the surface of B cells and demonstrated a preferential simultaneous binding to both receptors on the same cell. DART molecules triggered the CD32B-mediated inhibitory signaling pathway in activated B cells, which translated into inhibition of B cell proliferation and Ig secretion. A DART molecule directed against the mouse orthologs was effective in inhibiting the development of CIA in DBA/1 mice.


This innovative bispecific antibody scaffold that simultaneously engages activating and inhibitory receptors enables novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and potentially other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases in humans.

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