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Cell Cycle. 2010 Jun 1;9(11):2097-101. Epub 2010 Jun 1.

Cell cycle re-entry mechanisms after DNA damage checkpoints: giving it some gas to shut off the breaks!

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Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.


In order to maintain genetic integrity, cells are equipped with cell cycle checkpoints that detect DNA damage, orchestrate repair, and if necessary, eliminate severely damaged cells by inducing apoptotic cell death. The mitotic machinery is now emerging as an important determinant of the cellular responses to DNA damage where it functions as both the downstream target and the upstream regulator of the G2/M checkpoint. Cell cycle kinases and the DNA damage checkpoint kinases appear to reciprocally control each other. Specifically, cell cycle kinases control the inactivation of DNA damage checkpoint signaling. Termination of a DNA damage response by mitotic kinases appears to be an evolutionary conserved mechanism that allows resumption of cell cycle progression. Here we review recent reports in which molecular mechanisms underlying checkpoint silencing at the G2/M transition are elucidated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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