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Plant Signal Behav. 2010 Jul;5(7):796-801. Epub 2010 Jul 1.

Seed coat mucilage cells of Arabidopsis thaliana as a model for plant cell wall research.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Abstract

Plant cells are encased within a complex polysaccharide wall that strengthens the cell and has key roles in all aspects of plant cell growth, differentiation, and interaction with the environment. This dynamic structure is under continual modification during plant development, and its synthesis and modification require the activity of a myriad of enzymes. The mucilage secretory cells (MSCs) of the Arabidopsis thaliana seed coat provide a model for the discovery of novel genes involved in the synthesis, secretion and modification of cell wall components, particularly pectin. These cells synthesize copious amounts of pectinaceous mucilage during development and, upon hydration of the desiccated seed, the mucilage rapidly swells, bursts from the MSCs and surrounds the seed in a gelatinous capsule. Several genes affecting MSC differentiation, pectin synthesis, and mucilage release have been identified and additional genes involved in these and related processes including pectin secretion and the mechanical alteration of cell walls await to be discovered.

KEYWORDS:

arabidopsis; cell wall; mucilage; pectin; seed coat

PMID:
20505351
PMCID:
PMC3014532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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