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Int Rev Psychiatry. 2010;22(2):148-62. doi: 10.3109/09540261003661825.

First episode psychosis and employment: a review.

Author information

1
South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust, London, UK. Miles.Rinaldi@swlstg-tr.nhs.uk

Abstract

Despite considerable growth in treatments, interventions, services and research of young people with a first episode of psychosis, little attention has been given to the priorities of these young people, in particular, gaining employment. A literature review was undertaken with the aim of investigating: 1) whether young people with a first episode of psychosis want to work, 2) what challenges they experience regarding work, 3) what is understood about employment outcomes, 4) what the most effective interventions to enable them to gain employment may be, and 5) what the associated costs may be. The review found that these young people appear to want to work yet face a range of psychological and social challenges to achieving this. Typically by the time they first come into contact with mental health services a proportion are already falling out of education and employment, and this decline continues with contact with services. However, there are specific interventions that can support them to gain employment. The Individual Placement and Support approach, adapted to include support to fulfil educational goals, has demonstrated that a mean of 69% of young people with a first episode of psychosis can gain education and employment compared to 35% of controls.

PMID:
20504055
DOI:
10.3109/09540261003661825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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