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J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Aug;14(8):1271-9. doi: 10.1007/s11605-010-1219-6. Epub 2010 May 26.

Risk assessment in cholelithiasis: is cholecystectomy always to be preferred?

Author information

1
CoRPS-Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, 5000 LE, Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As many patients with gallstone disease do not benefit from cholecystectomy, preoperative recognition of such high-risk patients is important. The aim of the study is to identify predictors of persisting symptoms at 6 months after cholecystectomy for patients with different preoperative symptomatology.

METHOD:

Participants in this prospective study were consecutive patients (n = 172), age 18-65 years, with symptomatic cholelithiasis, undergoing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Predictors were identified using uni- and multivariate regression analyses.

RESULTS:

At 6 months postcholecystectomy, patients with only preoperative biliary symptoms were most often free of symptoms (62.5%). Patients with only dyspeptic symptoms most often reported persistence of preexisting symptoms (63.2%). Preoperative non-specific symptoms predicted the report of postoperative biliary and/or dyspeptic symptoms (OR = 4.5-6.1). Persistence of preexisting pattern of symptoms was predicted by the use of psychotropic medication (OR = 5.3) and dyspeptic symptoms (OR = 4.5). Postoperative biliary symptoms were predicted by High Trait Anxiety (HTA) (OR = 10.6).

CONCLUSION:

Surgeons should take account of individual risks of patients in the management of cholelithiasis. Instead of cholecystectomy, expectative management should be the first choice in patients with non-specific symptoms, with dyspeptic symptoms only, with HTA and in patients using psychotropic medication.

PMID:
20502977
PMCID:
PMC2909424
DOI:
10.1007/s11605-010-1219-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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