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Endocrinology. 2010 Jul;151(7):2994-3005. doi: 10.1210//en.2009-1387. Epub 2010 May 25.

S1P1 and VEGFR-2 form a signaling complex with extracellularly regulated kinase 1/2 and protein kinase C-alpha regulating ML-1 thyroid carcinoma cell migration.

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Department of Biosciences, Abo Akademi University, BioCity, Tykistökatu 6, 20520 Turku, Finland.


Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) signaling have been shown to integrate in many biological processes. The follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line ML-1 expresses VEGFR-2 and secretes substantial amounts of both vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and VEGF-C. ML-1 cells also express S1P-receptors (S1P(1-3,5)). S1P is able to phosphorylate VEGFR-2, and inhibiting VEGFR-2 attenuates S1P-induced migration and down-regulates S1P(1) expression in ML-1 cells. In the present study, we focused on the interactions between S1P(1) and VEGFR-2. We show that S1P receptors form complexes with VEGFR-2 and that the S1P(1)/VEGFR-2 complex associates with protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha and ERK1/2. Furthermore, the complex evokes bidirectional signaling since the S1P-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation is sensitive to VEGFR-2 kinase inhibition and VEGF-A-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation is sensitive to pertussis toxin treatment as well as S1P(1) small interfering RNA (siRNA) treatment. Both S1P- and VEGF-A-induced haptotaxis is sensitive to pertussis toxin treatment and S1P(1) siRNA treatment. Phosphorylation of ERK1/2 evoked by both VEGF-A and the S1P(1) agonist SEW-2871 is inhibited by PKC-alpha and PKC-betaI siRNA. We hypothesize that VEGFR-2 forms a signaling complex with S1P(1), evoking bidirectional signaling regulating both ERK1/2 phosphorylation and haptotaxis of ML-1 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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