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Dev Genet. 1991;12(1-2):104-12.

Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase of Dictyostelium discoideum and its glycoprotein inhibitor: structure and expression of their genes.

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Dept. of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.


The genes coding for the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PD) and the PD inhibitory glycoprotein (PDI) have been cloned and characterized. The PDI gene was isolated as a 1.6 kb genomic fragment, which included the coding sequence containing two small introns and 510 nucleotides of non-translated 5' sequence. From the deduced amino acid sequence we predict a protein with a molecular weight (MW) of 26,000 that, in agreement with previous data, contains 15% cysteine residues. Genomic Southern blot analysis indicates that only one gene encodes the inhibitor. Northern blot analysis shows a single transcript of 0.95 kb. The PDI gene is expressed early in development with little transcript remaining following aggregation. The appearance of PDI mRNA is prevented by the presence of cAMP, but when cAMP is removed the transcript appears within 30 minutes. When cAMP is applied to cells expressing PDI the transcript disappears with a half-life of less than 30 minutes. The PD gene of D. discoideum is transcribed into three mRNAs: a 1.9 kb mRNA specific for growth, a 2.4 kb mRNA specific for aggregation, and a 2.2 kb mRNA specific for late development. The 2.2 kb mRNA is also specific for prestalk cells, and is induced by differentiation-inducing factor. All three mRNAs contain the same coding sequence, and differ only in their 5' non-coding sequences. Each mRNA is transcribed from a different promoter, and by using the chloramphenicol acyltransferase gene as a reporter, we have shown that each promoter displays the same regulation as its cognate mRNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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