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Oncogene. 2010 Jul 29;29(30):4317-29. doi: 10.1038/onc.2010.187. Epub 2010 May 24.

Protein phosphatase 2A has an essential role in the activation of gamma-irradiation-induced G2/M checkpoint response.

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Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.


G2/M checkpoint activation after DNA damage results in G2/M cell cycle arrest that allows time for DNA repair before the entry of cells into mitosis. Activation of G2/M checkpoint involves a series of signaling events, which include activation of ataxia telangiectecia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) and Chk1 kinases and inhibition of Cdc2/Cyclin B activity. Studies presented in this report show that serine (Ser)/threonine (Thr) protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) has an important role in G2/M checkpoint activation in response to gamma-irradiation (IR) exposure. Using PP2A inhibitors, as well as siRNA targeting various forms of Ser/Thr protein phosphatases, results presented in this report show that specific PP2A inhibition abrogates IR-induced activation of ATR and Chk1 kinases, as well as phosphorylation of Cdc2-Tyr15, and attenuates IR-induced G2/M arrest. These results suggest an important regulation of PP2A on IR-induced G2/M checkpoint signaling response.

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