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J Clin Oncol. 2010 Jul 20;28(21):3485-90. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.28.3994. Epub 2010 May 24.

Phase II study of the anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 monoclonal antibody, tremelimumab, in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer.

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Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.



Safety and efficacy of tremelimumab (CP-675,206), a fully human anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) monoclonal antibody, were assessed in patients with treatment-refractory colorectal cancer.


A single-arm, multicenter, phase II trial was conducted in patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status <or= 1 and measurable colorectal carcinoma for whom standard treatments for metastatic disease had failed. Patients received 15 mg/kg tremelimumab intravenously every 90 days until progression. Primary end point was objective response status (per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors). Secondary end points included safety, duration of response, progression-free survival, and overall survival.


Forty-seven patients who had received extensive prior therapies (all had received fluoropyrimidines, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan; most [91%] had also received cetuximab) were treated. Grade 3/4 treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea (n = 5; 11%), ulcerative colitis (n = 1; 2%), fatigue (n = 1; 2%), autoimmune thrombocytopenia (n = 1; 2%), and hypokalemia (n = 1; 2%), which resolved spontaneously or with interventions. Six patients discontinued because of an AE; two were considered treatment related. Of 45 response-evaluable patients, 44 did not reach second dose (43 progressive disease; one discontinuation). Twenty-one patients (45%) lived >or= 180 days after enrollment. One patient (2%; 90% CI, < 1% to 10%) had a stable pelvic mass and substantial regression in an adrenal mass (partial response). This patient received five tremelimumab doses; response duration was 6 months (enrollment to disease progression, 15 months).


Tremelimumab did not demonstrate clinically meaningful single-agent activity in this patient population, although the number of survivors at 6 months and the one patient with confirmed partial response are potentially interesting. Further study of tremelimumab in combination with other agents may be warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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