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Blood. 2010 Sep 2;116(9):1454-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-12-258038. Epub 2010 May 24.

PGE(2) transiently enhances DC expression of CCR7 but inhibits the ability of DCs to produce CCL19 and attract naive T cells.

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Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213-1863, USA.


Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is an inflammatory mediator often used to increase CCR7 expression in the dendritic cells (DCs) used as cancer vaccines and to enhance their responsiveness to lymph node-associated chemokines. Here, we show that high surface expression of CCR7 on PGE(2)-matured DCs is associated with their suppressed production of the endogenous CCR7 ligand, CCL19, and is reversible by exogenous CCL19. In contrast to the PGE(2)-matured DCs, DCs matured in the presence of toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands and interferons produce high levels of both CCL19 and CCR7 mRNA/protein, but show selectively reduced expression of surface CCR7, which is compensated after DC removal from the CCL19-rich maturation environment. In accordance with these findings, PGE(2)-matured DCs show significantly higher in vitro migratory responsiveness to lymph node-associated chemokines directly after DC generation, but not after additional short-term culture in vitro, nor in vivo in patients injected with (111)indium-labeled DCs. The differences in CCL19-producing ability imprinted during DC maturation result in their different abilities to attract CCR7(+) naive T cells. Our data help to explain the impact of PGE(2) on CCR7 expression in maturing DCs and demonstrate a novel mechanism of regulatory activity of PGE(2), mediated by the inhibition of DCs ability to attract naive T cells.

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