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J Org Chem. 2010 Jun 18;75(12):4025-38. doi: 10.1021/jo100286r.

N-heterocyclic donor- and acceptor-type ligands based on 2-(1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl)pyridines and their ruthenium(II) complexes.

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Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Humboldtstrasse 10, 07743 Jena, Germany.


New 2-(1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl)pyridine bidentate ligands were synthesized as bipyridine analogs, whereas different phenylacetylene moieties of donor and acceptor nature were attached at the 5-position of the pyridine unit. The latter moieties featured a crucial influence on the electronic properties of those ligands. The N-heterocyclic ligands were coordinated to ruthenium(II) metal ions by using a bis(4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) precursor. The donor or acceptor capability of the 2-(1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl)pyridine ligands determined the quantum yield of the resulting ruthenium(II) complexes remarkably. Separately, 2-([1,2,3]triazol-4-yl)pyridine ligands are known to be potential quenchers, but using these new ligand systems led to room temperature emission of the corresponding ruthenium(II) complexes. The compounds have been fully characterized by elemental analysis, high-resolution ESI mass spectrometry, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. Theoretical calculations for two ruthenium(II) complexes bearing a donor and acceptor unit, respectively, were performed to gain a deeper understanding of the photophysical behavior.

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