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Behav Genet. 2010 Sep;40(5):660-71. doi: 10.1007/s10519-010-9366-9. Epub 2010 May 23.

Delineation of the role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes in alcohol preference in mice.

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1
Molecular Genetics Unit, Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B7, Canada.

Abstract

The genetic factors that increase risk for alcohol and nicotine addiction have been elusive, although the frequent co-abuse of these drugs suggests they may act on a common biological pathway. A site of action for both nicotine and alcohol effects in the brain are neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). This report explores the association between six nAChR subunit genes (Chrna3, Chrna4, Chrnb4, Chrnb2, Chrna5, and Chrna7) with alcohol preference (AP) using co-segregation of AP with nAChR subunit genotypes in a F(2) population produced from reciprocal crosses of alcohol-preferring C57BL/6J (B6) and alcohol-avoiding DBA/2J (D2) strains of mice. Polymorphisms located within the Chrna5-Chrna3-Chrnb4 cluster on mouse chromosome 9 were found to co-segregate with AP, with high-drinking F(2) mice carrying B6 alleles and low-drinking F(2) mice carrying D2 alleles. Further, the Chrnb4 and Chrna5 genes showed expression differences between B6 and D2 mice, which is compatible with their involvement in AP in mice and, potentially, alcohol abuse in humans.

PMID:
20496163
DOI:
10.1007/s10519-010-9366-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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