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Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2010 Jun;21(3):339-45. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2010.04.004. Epub 2010 May 20.

Biotechnological potential of aquatic plant-microbe interactions.

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Department of Biology, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, CT 06515, United States.


The rhizosphere in terrestrial systems is the region of soil surrounding plant roots where there is increased microbial activity; in aquatic plants, this definition may be less clear because of diffusion of nutrients in water, but there is still a zone of influence by plant roots in this environment [1]. Within that zone chemical conditions differ from those of the surrounding environment as a consequence of a range of processes that were induced either directly by the activity of plant roots or by the activity of rhizosphere microflora. Recently, there are a number of new studies related to rhizospheres of aquatic plants and specifically their increased potential for remediation of contaminants, especially remediation of metals through aquatic plant-microbial interaction.

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