Format

Send to

Choose Destination

[Prediction of antidepressant response to milnacipran and fluvoxamine using pharmacogenetical methods].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Department of Neuropsychiatry, St Marianna Medical University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, 216-8511 Japan. h5higuchi@marianna-u.ac.jp

Abstract

In a milnacipran study, ninety-six patients with major depressive disorder were treated with milnacipran, 50-100 mg/day, for 6 weeks. Severity of depression was assessed with the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale. The purpose of this study was to determine whether norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphisms are associated with the antidepressant response to milnacipran, a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. Eighty patients completed the study. The presence of the T allele of the NET T-182C polymorphism was associated with a superior antidepressant response. In contrast, no influence of 5-HTTLPR (5-HTT linked polymorphic region) on the antidepressant response to milnacipran was detected. The results suggest that NET but not 5-HTT polymorphisms in part determine the antidepressant response to milnacipran. In a fluvoxamine study, sixty-six patients with major depressive disorder were treated with fluvoxamine, 100-200 mg/day, for 6 weeks. The authors investigated whether 5-HTTLPR was associated with the antidepressant response to fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Fifty-seven patients completed the study. The short (s) allele frequency was significantly higher in the responsive individuals than in the nonresponsive ones. The results suggest that fluvoxamine is not less effective in depressive patients carrying the s allele than in those carrying the long (1) allele and it is not less effective in Japanese than in Caucasians.

PMID:
20491280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center