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J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Nov;35(10):1103-12. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsq048. Epub 2010 May 20.

Co-occurrence of victimization from five subtypes of bullying: physical, verbal, social exclusion, spreading rumors, and cyber.

Author information

1
Prevention Research Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892-7510, USA. wangji2@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine co-occurrence of five subtypes of peer victimization.

METHODS:

Data were obtained from a national sample of 7,475 US adolescents in grades 6 through 10 in the 2005/2006 Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study. Latent class analyses (LCA) were conducted on victimization by physical, verbal, social exclusion, spreading rumors, and cyber bullying.

RESULTS:

Three latent classes were identified, including an all-types victims class (9.7% of males and 6.2% of females), a verbal/relational victims class (28.1% of males and 35.1% of females), and a nonvictim class (62.2% of males and 58.7% of females). Males were more likely to be all-type victims. There was a graded relationship between the three latent classes and level of depression, frequency of medically attended injuries, and medicine use, especially among females.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increased co-occurrence of victimization types put adolescents at greater risks for poorer physical and psychological outcomes.

PMID:
20488883
PMCID:
PMC2980945
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsq048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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