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Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2010 Mar;54(2):220-6.

Hypoparathyroidism: clinical features, skeletal microstructure and parathyroid hormone replacement.

Author information

1
Departamento de Medicina, Columbia University, Nova York, Estados Unidos.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Hypoparathyroidism is a disorder in which parathyroid hormone is deficient in the circulation due most often to immunological destruction of the parathyroids or to their surgical removal. The objective of this work was to define the abnormalities in skeletal microstructure as well as to establish the potential efficacy of PTH(1-84) replacement in this disorder.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Standard histomorphometric and microCT analyses were performed on iliac crest bone biopsies obtained from patients with hypoparathyroidism. Participants were treated with PTH(1-84) for two years.

RESULTS:

Bone density was increased and skeletal features reflected the low turnover state with greater BV/TV, Tb. Wi and Ct. Wi as well as suppressed MS and BFR/BS as compared to controls. With PTH(1-84), bone turnover and bone mineral density increased in the lumbar spine. Requirements for calcium and vitamin D fell while serum and urinary calcium concentrations did not change.

CONCLUSION:

Abnormal microstructure of the skeleton in hypoparathyroidism reflects the absence of PTH. Replacement therapy with PTH has the potential to correct these abnormalities as well as to reduce the requirements for calcium and vitamin D.

PMID:
20485912
PMCID:
PMC3702727
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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