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J Clin Invest. 2010 Jun;120(6):2070-80. doi: 10.1172/JCI40331. Epub 2010 May 17.

Loss of p73 promotes dissemination of Myc-induced B cell lymphomas in mice.

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1
Department of Pathology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA.

Abstract

Mice engineered to express c-Myc in B cells (Emu-myc mice) develop lethal lymphomas in which the gene encoding the p53 tumor suppressor is frequently mutated. Whether the p53 homolog p73 also functions as a tumor suppressor in vivo remains controversial. Here we have shown that p73 loss does not substantially affect disease onset and mortality in Emu-myc mice. However, it does alter the phenotype of the disease. Specifically, p73 loss decreased nodal disease and increased widespread extranodal dissemination. We further found that p53 acted as the dominant tumor suppressor during the onset of Emu-myc-driven B cell lymphomagenesis, while p73 modulated tumor dissemination and extranodal growth. Immunophenotyping and expression profiling suggested that p73 loss allowed increased maturation of malignant B cells and deregulated genes involved in lymphocyte homing and dissemination of human lymphomas. Consistent with this, p73 expression was frequently downregulated in a large cohort of human mature aggressive B cell lymphomas, and both the incidence and degree of p73 downregulation in these tumors correlated with their extranodal dissemination status. These data indicate that p73 is a modifier of Myc-driven lymphomas in mice, favoring tumor dissemination, and suggest that p73 could be a biomarker for human B cell lymphoma dissemination, a notion that can now be tested in clinicopathologic correlation studies.

PMID:
20484818
PMCID:
PMC2877938
DOI:
10.1172/JCI40331
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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