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Vaccine. 2010 Jul 5;28(30):4810-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.04.082. Epub 2010 May 16.

Improved OMV vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis using genetically engineered strains and a detergent-free purification process.

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Netherlands Vaccine Institute, Unit Research and Development, The Netherlands.


The use of detergent-extracted outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) is an established approach for development of a multivalent PorA vaccine against N. meningitidis serogroup B. Selective removal of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) decreases toxicity, but promotes aggregation and narrows the immune response. Detergent-free OMV vaccines retain all LPS, which preserves the native vesicle structure, but result in high toxicity and lower yield. The present study assessed the effects of gene mutations that attenuated LPS toxicity (lpxL1) or improved OMV yield (rmpM) in combination with the available OMV purification processes. The results substantiate that OMVs from a strain with both mutations, produced with a detergent-free process provide better vaccine characteristics than the traditional detergent-based approach. With comparable toxicity and yield, no aggregation and cross-protection against other PorA subtypes, these OMV vaccines are potentially safe and effective for parenteral use in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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