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Int J Audiol. 2010 Jun;49(6):444-54. doi: 10.3109/14992021003681030.

Polish sentence matrix test for speech intelligibility measurement in noise.

Author information

1
Institute of Acoustics, A. Mickiewicz University, PoznaƄ, Poland. ozimaku@amu.edu.pl

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop the Polish sentence matrix test (PSMT) to measure intelligibility of speech presented against a background noise. The PSMT consists of five columns containing: 10 names, 10 verbs, 10 numerals, 10 adjectives, and 10 nouns. Since each word was available as a separate sound file, it was possible to generate different sentences by juxtaposing randomly selected words taken from respective columns. This approach allows 100,000 unique sentences of a fixed grammatical structure to be generated. The speech reception threshold (SRT), i.e. the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) providing 50% speech intelligibility and S(50), the slope of an intelligibility function at the SRT point, were shown to be -9.6 dB and 17.1 %/dB, respectively. Note that in this study dB is regarded as dB SNR, otherwise reference is given. PSMT was also evaluated using an adaptive 1-up/1-down staircase procedure in investigations with and without participation of an experimenter. No significant differences were shown for SRTs obtained in these investigations.

PMID:
20482292
DOI:
10.3109/14992021003681030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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