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Tierarztl Prax. 1991 Feb;19(1):44-7.

[Hematologic and clinico-chemical research findings in calves and young cattle with ileus].

[Article in German]

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II. Medizinischen Tierklinik Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit√§t M√ľnchen.


The impairment of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base status which is observed in calves and juvenile cattle as a result of ileus and subileus is not only dependent on form and site of the obstruction, but is also influenced considerably by the duration of the condition and any coexisting disease. This publication reviews the most important blood, urine and ruminal fluid parameters in such patients. The diagnostic significance of the laboratory values under discussion is not so great with obstructions to the caudal part of the digestive tract. However, markedly raised ruminal fluid chloride levels, combined with hypochloraemia and a metabolic acidosis, are indicative of an "abomasoruminal reflux syndrome" resulting from an obstruction in the region of the abomasum or cranial small intestine.

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