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Int Urogynecol J. 2010 Sep;21(9):1085-93. doi: 10.1007/s00192-010-1168-3. Epub 2010 May 18.

Tissue-engineered fascia from vaginal fibroblasts for patients needing reconstructive pelvic surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS:

Mesh-augmented reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) does not meet clinical expectations. A tissue-engineered fascia equivalent needs to be developed.

METHODS:

Human vaginal fibroblasts (HVFs) from 10 patients were characterized in vitro. Eligible HVFs and a biodegradable scaffold were used to fabricate a fascia equivalent, which was then transplanted in vivo.

RESULTS:

The cultured HVFs were divided into high (n = 6) or low (n = 4) collagen I/III ratio groups. Cells of the high-ratio group exhibited significantly higher proliferation potential than those of the low-ratio group (P < 0.05). A fascia equivalent was made with HVFs of the high-ratio group. In the subsequent animal study, a well-organized neo-fascia formation containing HVFs could be traced up to 12 weeks after transplantation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that a tissue-engineered fascia could be developed from HVFs in vitro and in vivo, which might be an effective treatment for POP in the future.

PMID:
20480140
DOI:
10.1007/s00192-010-1168-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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