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J Physiol. 2010 Jul 1;588(Pt 13):2329-42. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2010.187237. Epub 2010 May 17.

A new role for bicarbonate secretion in cervico-uterine mucus release.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics-0830, School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0830, USA.

Abstract

Cervical mucus thinning and release during the female reproductive cycle is thought to rely mainly on fluid secretion. However, we now find that mucus released from the murine reproductive tract critically depends upon concurrent bicarbonate (HCO(3)(-)) secretion. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))- and carbachol-stimulated mucus release was severely inhibited in the absence of serosal HCO(3)(-), HCO(3)(-) transport, or functional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). In contrast to mucus release, PGE(2)- and carbachol-stimulated fluid secretion was not dependent on bicarbonate or on CFTR, but was completely blocked by niflumic acid. We found stimulated mucus release was severely impaired in the cystic fibrosis F508 reproductive tract, even though stimulated fluid secretion was preserved. Thus, CFTR mutations and/or poor bicarbonate secretion may be associated with reduced female fertility associated with abnormal mucus and specifically, may account for the increased viscosity and lack of cyclical changes in cervical mucus long noted in women with cystic fibrosis.

PMID:
20478977
PMCID:
PMC2915510
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.2010.187237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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